Brazilian Portuguese
Spoken by: 190 million
Spoken in: Brazil
Language family: Romance

Phonology Edit

Grammar Edit

Ortography Edit

The brazilian portuguese alphabet consists of 26 letters: a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y and z. The vowels are a, e, i, o, u. The letters k, w and y are the least used, only appearing in foreign languages words. There are variations of the vowels, the accents (á, à, ã, é, í, ó, õ, ú) and a c with cedile, the ç.

Common difficulties Edit

  • Phonology: Nasal vowels and rhotics ; Raising vowels to contrast stressed syllables with unstressed syllables: to know the right time to raise /a ɛ e ɔ o/ to [ɐ e i ɨ o u].
  • Orthography: the grave accent on an a, known as crase ( à ) ; the words porquê, porque, por que, por quê; the sibilants.
  • Grammar: verb tenses and gender inflections. Oblique case pronouns.


The following resources are all available for free online.

FSI course

Portuguese - English dictionary

Portuguese dictionary


Verb conjugator

Beginner Podcasts (includes downloadable PDF transcripts and mp3s, as well as comparisons with Spanish phonetics and grammar): Tá Falado

Intermediate/advanced podcasts: Podcast Café Brazil

Intermediate/advanced video series with transcripts and grammar explanations: ClicaBrasil

Listening practice for intermediate/advanced: Conversa Brasileira

Blog about learning Portuguese: Hacking Portuguese (includes more explanatory articles and links to other resources)

There are some Assimil courses for lear Brazilian Portuguese, but they are in French. See them here.

There is also a Pimsleur course.

Free lessons with interesting content are available at GLOSS, but some minimal prior knowledge is needed unless you speak Spanish.

For Portuguese learners with some knowledge of Spanish, the following resources will be especially helpful.

Antônio Roberto Monteiro Simões, Pois não: Brazilian Portuguese Course for Spanish Speakers, with Basic Reference Grammar (2008). 598 pp.

The podcast Tá Falado .

Blog posts on the similarities and differences between the languages at Hacking PortugueseFluent in 3 Months, and Wikipedia.

Sublearning - learn languages from movie subtitles. Flash cards of movie lines in 62 languages. Brazilian Portuguese to English here