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Classical Arabic
Spoken by: Language of the qur’ān and other texts between the 7th and 9th centuries
Spoken in: Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates. Now used as a liturgical language, widely studied.
Language family: Semitic


Phonology Edit

Grammar Edit

Orthography Edit

Common difficulties Edit

Resources Edit

Foreign Service Institute Courses

  • Classical Arabic: Introduction to the Script