Classical Arabic
Spoken by: Language of the qur’ān and other texts between the 7th and 9th centuries
Spoken in: Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates. Now used as a liturgical language, widely studied.
Language family: Semitic

Phonology Edit

Grammar Edit

Orthography Edit

Common difficulties Edit

Resources Edit

Foreign Service Institute Courses

  • Classical Arabic: Introduction to the Script