Connectors are those words and phrases used to help carry on a conversation. They can be conversational gambits used to start conversations but they can also be fillers, or specific functions such as asking for clarification.

Conversational gambits, or phrases/formulae used to initiate a conversation could include:

  • What kind of movies do you like?
  • What do you do?
  • What is your major?
  • Are you new here?


  • Well, actually...
  • That's understandable.
  • As far as I know....

A discussion and list of connectors in Czech is available at you should click on "What is fluency?".

A list of French connectors may be found at