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Persian (فارسی)
Spoken by: ~ 60-80 million
Spoken in: Iran
Language family: Iranian

Persian is the official language in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan .

Farsi (spoken in Iran), Dari (spoken in Afghanistan), and Tajik or Tajiki (spoken in Tajikistan). Dari, also called "Dari Persian" or "Eastern Persian," is one of two official languages of Afghanistan, and is the native tongue of about 50% of the population.

Persian is an Indo-European language related to a.o. English and Russian and has genetically nothing to do with Arabic or Turkish. Persian has a very rich literature.

Phonology Edit

Grammar Edit

Orthography Edit

Common difficulties Edit

The Foreign Service Institute has classified both Dari, Farsi, and Tajaki Persian as "Hard" languages. It is estimated that learning Dari or Farsi Persian to a Professional Working Proficiency in the language (a score of Speaking-3/Reading-3 on the Interagency Language Roundtable scale) will take an average of 44 weeks (1100 class hours).[1]

Resources Edit

Pimsleur offers courses in Dari and Farsi Persian.

Rosetta Stone offers online courses in Dari and Farsi Persian.

References Edit

  1. U.S. Department of State; FSI's Experience with Language Learning; https://www.state.gov/m/fsi/sls/c78549.htm