|Spoken by:||~ 70 million|
Turkish is a branch of the Turkic language family and is spoken as an official language by about 70 million people in Turkey and in Northern Cyprus.
Common difficulties Edit
The Foreign Service Institute has classified Turkish as a "Hard" language. It is estimated that learning Turkish to a Professional Working Proficiency in the language (a score of Speaking-3/Reading-3 on the Interagency Language Roundtable scale) will take an average of 44 weeks (1100 class hours).
There is an Foreign Service Institute course for Turkish.
There is a Duolingo course for Turkish.
Manisa Turkish has clear grammar explanations and examples.
Sublearning - Turkish to English movie subtitle flash cards
Rosetta Stone offers a course in Turkish
Beginner to intermediate textbooks: Edit
Asuman Çelen Pollard and David Pollard, Teach Yourself Turkish (2004). 270 pp.
Ad Backus and Jeroen Aarssen, Colloquial Turkish (2000). 352 pp.
The Yeni Hitit series of textbooks has three levels.
For advanced learners: Edit
Geoffrey Lewis, Turkish Grammar (2001). 328 pp.
- ↑ U.S. Department of State; FSI's Experience with Language Learning; https://www.state.gov/m/fsi/sls/c78549.htm